Muscat is the capital and largest city of Oman. It is the seat of the Governorate of Muscat. The metropolitan area spans approximately 3,500 km2 (1,400 sq mi) and includes six provinces called Wilayats.
The Musandam Governorate is a governorate of Oman. With the exception of the exclave of Madha, it is located on the Musandam Peninsula, which juts into the Strait of Hormuz, the narrow entry into the Persian Gulf, from the Arabian Peninsula.